Napoleon was right when he observed that “War is ninety percent information.” Since his time the nature of war has become even more information intensive. In the information age, all war is now cyber war.
In the past I have really shunned the use of the term “cyber war.” In 2003 several professional colleagues I was associated with launched a new organization to help academia study all things associated with cyber war. We intentionally avoided the term cyber war, calling it instead the “Cyber Conflict Studies Association (CCSA).” We did that because the nature of what we were seeing then was absolutely not war. But it was certainly conflict. My